Germany is an export driven market. It will be very helpful for you to know the procedures involved in exporting from Germany, if you are sourcing your goods from there.
Satisfied customers are the open secret of any successful business. Your customers are waiting for the goods they ordered, just as you are waiting for the arrival of the same. Keep yourself informed as lack of information can damage a business. So what can you import from Germany to do business in Indonesia?
Your broker takes care of the importing procedures on the home front. Exporting from Germany is a straightforward affair but you will save yourself a lot of trouble, if you know how exporting works. You need to arm yourself with the following information.
VAT or no VAT?
Exporting from Germany is exempted from VAT.
Civil Aviation Authority Regulation: Known or Unknown Shipper
Is the shipper a Known Shipper? There is no fixed tariff as each forwarder has his own listing.
Export Procedures before pick up
, if the commercial invoice value is 1000 EUR or more an Export Declaration called ABD is a must.. It is a document (PDF file) with a bar code on the top.
If the invoice value is below 1000 EUR, the commercial invoice is the paper used for export and must be presented to the customs, preferably in the original.
Remember: Export Declaration procedure can not be done once the freight has been picked up from the shipper’s facility! The local customs office is determined by the geographical location of the goods and not by where the exporter is located.
Pick up can be organised only after the Export Declaration has been done.
Freight forwarders have a time frame for pick up. It is usually 8 a.m to 5 p.m and the freight arrives in the warehouse only late in the evening.
Special Regulation Indonesia
Exporting from Germany to Indonesia is governed by a special law. Even if the value is below the above mentioned amount, an Export Declaration is mandatory.
Customs Registration or EORI Number: Pre-export formality
Only companies that have a Customs Registration Number called EORI number can export. This proof is to be sent to the local customs office file submitting the application for export declaration.
Shippers are usually registered and, hence, most of the business houses will have the EORI number. Import to Indonesia from Germany can not be processed without the above number. Remember to make your consignee’s EORI number to your freight forwarder if you are exporting to Germany.
One most important factor you need to know, before getting the goods picked up, is packaging. Your shipper will usually know this.
Try to keep the dimensions to a maximum of 120 x 80 x 160 cm (L x W x H in cm) for long haul flights. Short haul flights may be smaller aircraft and it is better to keep the weight to less than 150 Kg per piece and the height to a maximum of 75 cm. This is the case for small consignments.
When it comes to large machines, remember not many airlines fly a 747 freighter. MD11 is now the most popular aircraft in use has a hight limitation of 244 cm.
Flying: Direct or Consolidation
Direct service will have an air way bill addressed directly to you as consignee. You need to have a broker on hand, who can do a customs clearance for you.
When consolidated, your freight is forwarded under a sub way bill, called House Bill (HB) or House Air Way Bill (HAWB). Such a document will be covered by a Master Air Way Bill. The house bill will be addressed to you (the consignee) and the MAWB to the de-consolidator, who is an airfreight agent at destination.
The de-consolidator has to pass on the documents (air way bill and commercial invoice and packing list if any) to your broker for customs clearance. He will enlighten you on the procedures to follow.
Know the export procedures in Germany before you place your order. Make your business life easier by being armed with the knowledge of how the process works in Germany.